Kiki Smith, Walking Puppet, 2008. Papier-mâché with muslin overall © Kiki Smith, Courtesy PaceWildenstein, New York. Image Courtesy the Brooklyn Museum
On February 11th ArtObserved was on-site at the media preview of Kiki Smith’s latest lofty installation based on her thoughts on the passage of one’s life and artistic development. ‘Kiki Smith: Sojourn’ is on view at the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art, The Brooklyn Museum, through September 12, 2010, marking the fourth site-specific installation as part of a grand, long-term project. Other venues included Museum Haus Esters, Krefeld, Germany (March 16–August 24, 2008) and traveled to Kunsthalle Nürnberg (September 18–November 16, 2008) and Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona (February 19–May 24, 2009).
ArtObserved in conversation with Kiki Smith at the opening of “Kiki Smith: Sojourn”, The Brooklyn Museum
more images, text and links after the jump…
Kiki Smith. Photograph by Chris Sanders
Kiki Smith Sojourn Installation Image- Major Henry Trippe House Chamber Room. All artwork: © Kiki Smith, Courtesy PaceWildenstein, New York. Photo Courtesy the Brooklyn Museum
The genesis of this exploration was a chance encounter with a highly unique eighteenth-century New England needlework, Prudence Punderson’s The First, Second and Last Scenes of Mortality (Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford). This work is exceptional in its portrayal of a woman’s creative life; instead of the acknowledged rites of passage for women, including marriage and childbearing, Punderson has depicted a woman in the act of creating. Kiki Smith, taking this piece as a starting point, has extended her focus across a variety of universally applicable experiences, stretching from the obvious: birth and death, to the minutia of daily life: domestic chores. Within this context she conflates an artist’s creative journey with stages of one’s life. Birth becomes a creative awakening; youth represents an artistic exploration, maturity is the creative acme, which is followed by old age and finally death.
Prudence Punderson, Scenes of Mortality, Preston, CT ca. 1783. Silk needlework on linen. Courtesy of The Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, CT
Kiki Smith Sojourn Installation Image- Gallery 1A. This Image features (from right to left): Annunciation, 2008, Cast aluminum, Chair: Messenger II, 2008, Cast aluminum, white gold and gold leaf. Visitation III, 2007, Ink, graphite, colored pencil, mica and collage on Nepal paper. Visitation I, 2007, Ink, graphite, colored pencil, mica, glitter, and collage on Nepal paper.
Kiki Smith Sojourn Installation Image- Gallery 7. This image includes:
Closed Coffin (on table), 2008. Ink on Nepal paper with graphite and lithographic crayon, 93 1/2 x 99 in. (237.5 x 251.5 cm). Heute (Now), 2008. Wood, lamp glass, coffin, drop-leaf table, 10 dandelion puffs made of glass. Mortal, 2007, Suite of woodblock prints on Tanbo paper.
This large exhibition extends over several segmented galleries and two of the museum’s eighteenth-century period rooms in the nearby Decorative Arts galleries. The period rooms, which visitors are encouraged to view first as a kind of visual prologue, are possibly the most successful in the entire exhibition as the transportation into another person’s life is total. The enclosed, interior space and dim lighting create an intense viewing experience. Catherine J. Morris, organizer of the exhibition and curator at the museum, said of the use of space: “The notion of space has a particular resonance for women artist’s throughout history. Their artistic impulses have long been constrained… In the British author Virginia Woolf’s 1929 essay “A Room of One’s Own,” she asserts that privacy and personal liberty are vital to the success of creative pursuits. Space, therefore, is the key to artistic inspiration.” Thus we are encouraged to understand the private domestic interiors as an important space for women artists to negotiate as part of their creative pursuits.
The moment of creative inspiration, rendered as the annunciation (a key passage in the Virgin Mary’s life cycle), in the main gallery is an attempt to link, as Morris describes it, “artistic vision and spiritual experience”. Yet, in actuality it is a grand allusion, not just to spirituality but also to religion, which potentially sits uncomfortably with our contemporary conception of the artist. Prominent twentieth-century artists, most prolifically Duchamp and Warhol, actively sought to destroy romantic (or Romantic) notions of the artist; and now the authority and autonomy of the artist is generally diminished. What is more, the conflation between the moment of inspiration and the annunciation within the specific context of a woman’s life also feels problematic. The annunciation strikes one as a religious experience that is enforced and out of the woman’s control. Morris explains, “Ultimately, Sojourn, suggests the creative potential of women limited by obligations and propriety as it explores Smith’s own ideas of how inspiration reveals itself in women’s literal and metaphorical space.”
Kiki Smith Sojourn Installation Image- Major Henry Trippe House Hall. This Image features: Sybills, 2005, Oil paint, clear antique glass, gold leaf. Mrs. and Mrs., 2010, Papier-mâché with muslin. So and so and so and so, 2010, Papier-mâché with muslin and graphite. Embroidery, 2010, Wood, metal, linen, cotton. In your eyes, 2010
Kiki Smith Sojourn Installation Image- Gallery 2. This Image features (from left to right): Chair, 2008, Papier-mâché with glass glitter, Dimensions Unknown. Untitled (Flower Blanket), 1992, Nepal paper, Dimensions Unknown. Coming Forth, 2008, Collage and ink on Nepal paper,. Tethered, 2009, Ink on Nepal Paper, Dimensions Unknown
Kiki Smith Sojourn Installation Image- Gallery 3. This Image features: Her Bouquet, 2007-2008, Ink on Nepal paper with glass glitter, lithographic crayon and silk tissue; oil paint on mouth-blown clear antique glass with white and yellow gold leaf, Work on Nepal 1: Work on Nepal 2: Glass panels Light Bulbs, 2008, Papier-mâché, tooth picks, gold leaf, silver leaf, mica and glass glitter, Bulbs.
Kiki Smith Sojourn Installation Image- Gallery 4. This Image features: Search, 2008, Cast aluminum, white gold and gold leaf. Mirror Blossoms, 2008, Mouth blown clear antique glass, black paint, yellow and white gold-coated, Five Panels, approximately each. Silver Bird, 2006, Ink on Nepal paper with silver gouache, mica, glitter and graphite
Kiki Smith Sojourn Installation Image- Gallery 6A. This Image features (from left to right not including the Open Coffin artwork): Surrounding, 2009, Ink on Nepal paper, Approximate: Singer, 2008, Cast aluminum. Animals in the World, 2007, Collage, ink, graphite and colored pencil on Nepal paper.
Kiki Smith, Annunciation, 2008. Cast aluminum. Photo by: Joerg Lohse/ Courtesy PaceWildenstein, New York © Kiki Smith, Courtesy PaceWildenstein, New York
Kiki Smith, Messenger III (detail), 2008. Cast aluminum, white gold and gold leaf. Photo detail by: Joerg Lohse/ Courtesy PaceWildenstein, New York © Kiki Smith, Courtesy PaceWildenstein, New York
Kiki Smith, Singer (detail), 2008. Cast aluminum, 65″ x 27″ x 24″ (165.1 cm x 68.6 cm x 61 cm). Photo detail by: Volker Dohne/ Courtesy PaceWildenstein, New York © Kiki Smith, Courtesy PaceWildenstein, New York
Considering that the context for this exhibition is within the Elizabeth A. Sackler Centre for Feminist Art, do you believe that the creative process, or journey, is gender specific?
Well I think that 99.9 per cent of your life is not gender specific. However, it is still true that women have much less creative representation than men. America is better than elsewhere in the world but it is nonetheless true.
In my work I am interested in the experience of women, and the works are also convolutedly self-reflective; thus the works tend to feature the experience of middle class, white women. But in terms of practicing art, no, I do not think that is dictated by one’s gender. People, regardless of gender, choose to be dedicated to their practice.
On the other hand, I am compelled by stereotypically gendered art forms, for instance handicrafts like tapestry or other art forms that historically spring from domestic life, needlework, etc. Nevertheless, those decorative bulbs hanging behind you [part of the installation as a whole] are made using techniques I learnt in nursery school – just pasting and covering in glitter. I like the majority of my works to be accessible in terms of how they are made. I do not believe in inherent [artistic] ability.
Going back to you talking about the poor representation of women creatively, would you say this installation is making amends historically or canonically. I feel like there is a historical resonance to the exhibit – that it is a comment on women’s creative identity within history.
Well I always like to return to my old joke that historically most women represented in art are reclining, naked and eating fruit. Because of that I think there is an enormous space in art that has not been covered. All materials and subjects should be equal in art, therefore we should investigate women’s experiences or craft-based materials – there shouldn’t be a hierarchy in art. This is what I think we learned from the 1960s and 70s.
I also, almost more than historically referencing, like to make cross-cultural references. For instance, with the annunciation that was partly borne of my own experiences being brought up as a Catholic; I really like the related cultural symbolism, as well as, the decorative quality of the resultant artworks. At the same time I looked at androgyny in Chinese art – so I made my figures quite androgynous.
So finally what is the significance of the title ‘Sojourn’, which seems comparatively short compared to the length of a lifetime?
I’ve always liked Sojourner Truth’s name not only because it’s a terrific name, but because she chose it, she made it. For a woman to choose her own name seems to me an incredible thing. It’s a radical and a spiritual name. And I like the fact she’s complex – I like complicated people. It is certainly one of the most beautiful names I’ve ever heard. I have titled a lot of things Sojourn after her.
Also we are, after all, just visitors in life. A sojourn can refer to all or any aspect of that, for instance walking a gallery or movement through a landscape.
ArtObserved in conversation with Kiki Smith at the opening of “Kiki Smith: Sojourn”, The Brooklyn Museum
Interview with Kiki Smith [New York Magazine]
Artist’s profile at Pace Wildenstein Gallery
On Being a Woman, From Cradle to Grave [New York Times]
Kiki Smith’s Sojourn in Brooklyn [The L Magazine]
The Scene: Kiki Smith, Sojourn [Art in America]
A Woman in Full [The Daily Beast]
Kiki Smith [Journal of Contemporary Art]
Kiki Smith: Interviews and Videos[Art21:PBS]