Leo Castelli Gallery presents “Electricity,” a group show featuring Pop artists from the early 1960s. Works incorporating neon and light bulbs by such visionaries as Jim Dine, Dan Flavin, Joseph Kosuth, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist, Keith Sonnier, and Robert Watts contest the idea that neon only came of age thanks to Minimalist and and Conceptual art groups in the late 60s.
Leo Castelli Gallery
Electricity Group Show
18 East 77th Street
March 6 – April 25, 2009
Exhibition Page and Press Release [Leo Castelli]
Leo Castelli: Electricity [ArtInfo]
Where Neon Art Comes of Age [New York Times]
Leo Castelli, Influential Art Dealer, Dies at 91 [New York Times]
James Rosenquist, Small Doorstop (1963-67) via Leo Castelli
Leo Castelli was the influential art dealer who first sold Andy Warhol’s soup can paintings, and whose gallery showcased cutting edge contemporary art for five decades, presenting such movements as the aforementioned Minimalism and Conceptual Art, in addition to Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Op Art, and color field painting. Castelli hand-picked American artists who he believed had as much validity as their European counterparts, a radical notion at the time. Such historic authority lends relevance to the current shows at Castelli gallery, even forty years after the creation of the artwork.
Some of the pieces in “Electricity” include Jim Dine’s Red Light Bulb (1962), in which an actual light bulb is attached to the upper corner of a canvas on which the “interpreted” glow has been painted by the artist; James Rosenquist’s Small Doorstop (1963-67, above), a residential floor plan which hangs from the ceiling, three lights suspended below; and Shades (1964) by Robert Rauschenberg, a structure made of six vertical plexiglass sheets covered with lithographed images, illuminated by the glare of a light bulb through the plexiglass.
In contrast to the Pop artists, minimalists like Dan Flavin reduce light to its essence. Here, Untitled (1969) consists of two fluorescent tubes that lean against a corner wall; pink and yellow lights glow onto the corner. Keith Sonnier’s Neon Wrapping Incandescent (1969, below) is composed of two light bulbs with a red neon tube wrapped around them, with a green fluorescent tube breaking the equilibrium.
Keith Sonnier, Neon Wrapping Incandescent (1969), via Leo Castelli
Installation view of “Electricity” at Leo Castelli Gallery